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The 66 subdivisions of the 7 Noachide commandments7 laws noah

Although there are only Seven Noachide Commandments, it is possible to subdivide them into 66 subdivisions according to Dr. Aaron Lichtenstein in his book 'The Seven Laws of Noah'. He bases these subdivisions on Rabbi Moses Maimonides' 613 commandments for Jews. Of these subdivisions there are 52 Negative and 14 Positive.

N.B. - Please note that some of these additional laws should be treated as a list of recommendations and not as the actual accepted Halacha. For further explanation of this you should consult your Local Orthodox Rabbi or the new Shulchan Aruch for Bnei Noach: ‘The Divine Code’.

I. No Idolatry

1. "Against entertaining the thought that there exists a deity  except HaShem."

Negative Mitzvah 1

Exodus 20:3 "You shall have no other gods besides Me"

 

2. "Against making any graven image [& against having  anyone else make one for us]."

Negative Mitzvah 2

Exodus 20:3 "You shall have no other gods besides Me"

 

3. "Against making idols for use by others."

Negative Mitzvah 3

Leviticus 19:4 "Do not make gods out of metal, for  yourselves"

 

4. "Against making any forbidden statues [even when they are  for ornamental purposes]."

Negative Mitzvah 4

Exodus 20:20 "Do not make with Me gods of silver, neither  shall you make for yourselves gods of gold"

 

5. "Against bowing to any idol [& not to sacrifice nor to  pour libation nor to burn incense before any idol, even where it is not  the customary manner of worship to the particular idol]."

Negative Mitzvah 5

Exodus 20:5 "Do not bow down to them"

 

6. "Against worshipping idols in any of their customary manners  of worship."

Negative Mitzvah 6

Exodus 20:5 "Do not worship them"

 

7. "Against causing our children to pass [through the fire] in  the worship of Molech." In ancient times, the worship of  "Molech" - an Ammonite G-d - was very common, and it required that  children be used for the ritual ceremony.

Negative Mitzvah 7

Leviticus 18:21 "Do not give any of your children to set  them apart to Molech"

 

8. "Against practicing Ov." [Ov is Divination using a mantra to  obtain a  meditative trance to commune with the dead]

Negative Mitzvah 8

Leviticus 19:31 "Do not turn to mediums"

 

9. "Against practicing Yiddoni." [A Yiddoni involves ritual  acts and meditation as a means of imaginary prophecy]

Negative Mitzvah 9

Leviticus 19:31 "Do not turn to oracles"

 

10. "Against turning to idolatry [in word, in thought, in deed,  or by any observance that may draw us to its worship]."

Negative Mitzvah 10

Leviticus 19:4 "Do not turn to  idols"

 

II. No  blasphemy

1. "To acknowledge the existence of  G-d."

Positive Mitzvah 1

Exodus 20:2 "I am the L-rd,  your G-d"

 

2. "To fear G-d."

Positive Mitzvah 4

Deuteronomy 6:13 "You shall  fear the L-rd, your G-d"

 

3. "To pray to Him."

Positive Mitzvah 5

Exodus 23:25 "And you shall  serve the L-rd, your G-d"

 

4. "To sanctify G-d's name [in face of death, where  appropriate]."

Positive Mitzvah 9

Leviticus 22:32 "But I will be  sanctified among the Children of Israel"

 

5. "Against desecrating G-d's name [even in face of  death, when appropriate]." "Chillul HaShem"

Negative Mitzvah 63

Leviticus 22:32 "Neither shall  you profane My holy name"

 

6. "To study the Torah."

Positive Mitzvah 11

Deuteronomy 6:7 "And you shall  teach them diligently to your children."

 

7. "To honour the scholars, and to revere one's  teacher."

Positive Mitzvah 209

Leviticus 19:32 "You shall  stand up before an elderly person and give respect to a sage"

 

8. "Against blaspheming.," "Birkat  HaShem"

Negative Mitzvah 60

Exodus 22:27 "Do not curse  G-d"

 

III. No theft

1. "Against stealing, [i.e., by stealth]"

Negative Mitzvah 244

Leviticus 19:11 "Do not steal"

 

2. "Against committing robbery, [i.e.,  openly]"

Negative Mitzvah 245

Leviticus 19:13 "Do not commit robbery"

 

3. "Against shifting a landmark."

Negative Mitzvah 246

Deuteronomy 19:14 "You shall not remove your neighbor's  boundary marker"

 

4. "Against cheating."

Negative Mitzvah 247

Leviticus 19:13 "You shall not defraud your neighbor"

 

5. "Against repudiating a claim of money  owed."

Negative Mitzvah 248

Leviticus 19:11 "You shall not reply falsely"

 

6. "Against overcharging."

Negative Mitzvah 250

Leviticus 25:14 "You shall not defraud one another"

 

7. "Against coveting."

Negative Mitzvah 265

Exodus 20:14 "You shall not covet your neighbor's  house"

 

8. "Against desiring."

Negative Mitzvah 266

Deuteronomy 5:18 "You shall not desire your neighbor's  house"

 

9. "A labourer shall be allowed to eat of the  fruits among which he works [under certain conditions]."

Positive Mitzvah 201

Deuteronomy 23:2 "When you come (to work) in your neighbor's  vineyard, you may eat the grapes...you may Pluck the ears"

 

10. "Against a labourer eating of such fruit  [when certain conditions are not met]."

Negative Mitzvah 267

Deuteronomy 23:26 "You shall not waive a sickle to your  neighbor's standing grain"

 

11. "Against a labourer taking of such fruit  home."

Negative Mitzvah 268

Deuteronomy 23:25 "When you come into your neighbor's  vineyard, then you may eat your fill of grapes at your desire; but you  shall not put any in your container"

 

12. "Against kidnapping."

Negative Mitzvah 243

Exodus 20:13 "Do not steal"

 

13. "Against the use of false weights &  measures."

Negative Mitzvah 271

Leviticus 19:35 "You shall do no unrighteousness in  judgment; in length, in weight or in measure"

 

14. "Against the possession of false weights  & measures."

Negative Mitzvah 272

Deuteronomy 25:13 "You shall not have in your bag diverse  weights, one large and one small"

 

15 "That one shall be exact in the use of  weights & measures."

Positive Mitzvah 208

Leviticus 19:36 "Honest balance, honest weights, an honest  dry measure and an honest liquid measure, you shall have"

 

16. "That the robber shall return  [or pay for] the stolen object."

Positive Mitzvah 194

Leviticus 5:23 "He shall return that which he  stole"

 

IV. No murder

1. "Against any person murdering  anyone"

Negative Mitzvah 289

Exodus 20:13 "You shall not  murder"

 

V. No  adultery

1. "Against [a man] having union  with his mother."

Negative Mitzvah 330

Leviticus 18:7 "She is your  mother, do not act immodestly with her"

 

2. "Against [a man] having union  with his sister."

Negative Mitzvah 331

Leviticus 18:9 "Do not act  immodestly...with your sister"

 

3. "Against [a man] having union  with the wife of his father."

Negative Mitzvah 332

Leviticus 18:8 "Do not act  immodestly with your father's wife"

 

4. "Against [a man] having union  with another man's wife."

Negative Mitzvah 347

Exodus 20:13 "You shall not  commit adultery"

 

5. "Against [a man] copulating  with a beast."

Negative Mitzvah 348

Leviticus 18:23 "Do not act  indecently with an animal"

 

6. "Against a woman copulating  with a beast."

Negative Mitzvah 349

Leviticus 18:23 "A woman may  not act indecently with an animal"

 

7. "Against [a man] lying carnally  with a male."

Negative Mitzvah 350

Leviticus 18:22 "Do not have a  relationship with a male as you would with a woman"

 

8. "Against [a man] lying carnally  with his father."

Negative Mitzvah 351

Leviticus 18:7 "Do not act  immodestly with your father"

 

9. "Against [a man] lying carnally  with his father's brother."

Negative Mitzvah 352

Leviticus 18:14 "Do not act  immodestly with your father's brother"

 

10. "Against engaging in erotic  conduct that may lead to a prohibited union. [That is, petting by persons  whose marriage would be illicit.]"

Negative Mitzvah 353

Leviticus 18:6 "No person shall  approach a close relative and act immodestly"

 

VI. Courts of justice

1. "To appoint judges and officers in each and every  community."

Positive Mitzvah 176

Deuteronomy 16:18 "Appoint  judges and officers in all your gates"

 

2. "To treat the litigants equally before the  law."

Positive Mitzvah 177

Leviticus 19:15 "With  righteousness, judge your neighbor"

 

3. "To inquire diligently into the testimony of a  witness."

Positive Mitzvah 179

Deuteronomy 13:15 "Then you  shall inquire, search, and ask diligently"

 

4. "Against the wanton miscarriage of justice by the  court."

Negative Mitzvah 273

Leviticus 19:15 "You shall do  no unrighteousness in judgment"

 

5. "Against the judge accepting a bribe or gift from a  litigant."

Negative Mitzvah 274

Exodus 23:8 "And you shall take  no bribe"

 

6. "Against the judge showing marks of honour to but  one litigant."

Negative Mitzvah 275

Leviticus 19:15 "Nor honor an  important person"

 

7. "Against the judge acting in fear of a litigant's  threats."

Negative Mitzvah 276

Deuteronomy 1:17 "You shall not  be afraid because of any man"

 

8. "Against the judge, out of compassion, favouring a  poor litigant."

Negative Mitzvah 277

Exodus 23:3 "You shall not  favor a poor man in his cause"

 

9. "Against the judge  discriminating against the litigant because he is a  sinner."

Negative Mitzvah 278

Exodus 23:6 "You shall not  pervert the judgment of the needy in his cause"

 

10. "Against the judge,  out of softness, putting aside the penalty of a mauler or  killer."

Negative Mitzvah 279

Deuteronomy 19:21 "And your eye  shall not have pity"

 

11. "Against the judge discriminating against a  stranger or an orphan."

Negative Mitzvah 280

Deuteronomy 24:17 "You shall  not pervert the judgment of the stranger or the orphan"

 

12. "Against the judge hearing one litigant in the  absence of another."

Negative Mitzvah 281

Exodus 23:1 "You shall not  raise a false report"

 

13. "Against appointing a judge who lacks knowledge of  the Law."

Negative Mitzvah 284

Deuteronomy 1:17 "Do not  respect persons in judgment"

 

14. "Against incrimination by circumstantial  evidence."

Negative Mitzvah 290

Exodus 23:7 "And the innocent  and righteous you shall not slay"

 

15. "Against punishing for a crime committed under  duress."

Negative Mitzvah 294

Deuteronomy 22:26 "But to the  girl you shall do nothing"

 

16. "That the court is to  administer the death penalty by the sword [i.e., decapitation]."

Positive Mitzvah 226

Exodus 21:20 "[The sin] shall  surely be avenged"

 

17. "Against anyone taking  the law into his own hands to kill the perpetrator of a capital crime."

Negative Mitzvah 292

Numbers 35:12 "The murderer  shall not die until he stands before the congregation in judgment"

 

18. "To testify in court."

Positive Mitzvah 178

Leviticus 5:1 "And he is  witness, whether he has seen or known of it"

 

19. "Against testifying falsely."

Negative Mitzvah 285

Exodus 20:13 "You shall not  bear false witness against your neighbor"

 

VII. No limb of a living  animal

1. "Against eating a limb severed from a living  animal, beast, or fowl."

Negative Mitzvah 182

Deuteronomy 12:23 "And you may  not eat the life with the meat"

 

2. "Against eating the  flesh of any animal which was torn by a wild beast which, in part,  prohibits the eating of such flesh as was torn off an animal while it was  still alive."

Negative Mitzvah 181

Exodus 22:30 "Neither shall you  eat any meat that is torn in the  field"

 

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